The High Renaissance ended in 1527 with the Sack of Rome by the mutinous troops of the Holy Roman Emperor. After the Renaissance ended, art entered the era of Mannerism (c. 1520-1600). The Mannerists did not try to top the illustrious artists of the High Renaissance. The Mannerists tended to focus on succeeding in what … Continue reading Art after the High Renaissance
In his work Utopia, Sir Thomas More wrote about a mythical island which had a near-perfect society. In Utopia, the government holds all things in common and there is no private property. Everyone has to work, but due to Utopia’s productivity the total work day is only six hours. The cities of Utopia do not … Continue reading Was More risking persecution by the church because of Utopia?
The Black Death was a deadly outbreak of the plague that arrived in Europe in the mid 14th century. The Black death impacted Medieval society immensely, and the outlook of the people was changed permanently. In the words of Boccaccio in his Decameron that: "...practices contrary to the former habits of the citizens would hardly … Continue reading Are the Decameron and the Canterbury Tales closer in outlook to Greek and Roman literature than they are to Hebrew, Christian, and medieval literature?
After the great Schism, Martin V became the new pope. He cracked down on crime in Rome, and now that the papacy had returned to Rome after the Schism, merchants and pilgrims came back to Rome. During his pontificate and those of later Renaissance popes, local strongmen owned a lot of land that previously belonged … Continue reading The papacy during the Renaissance & Erasmus.
The Prince is a political work written in 1513 during the Renaissance by the humanist writer Machiavelli. Machiavelli suggested several strategies to his readers on how to be a good prince. He suggested that it is better to be feared than loved, because fear motivates people to do things, while love of a prince can … Continue reading Machiavelli and The Prince
The Renaissance was a period in which there was a revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman works of literature. It was caused, in part, by the flow of Byzantine scholars fleeing to the west from the east from the invading Turks. These scholars brought many ancient works of literature to the west. One of … Continue reading Petrarch & The Renaissance