A German writer named Friedrich Gentz wrote a work named The Origin and Principles of the American Revolution, Compared with the Origin and Principles of the French Revolution. This work emphasized the fact that the American revolution and French revolutions were opposite in nature, in particular when it came to tradition. The American revolution was … Continue reading Friedrich Gentz on the American and French Revolutions
The 18th century saw the rise of Enlightened absolutism. Enlightened absolutists were rulers who ruled in an absolute manner and embraced certain Enlightenment principles. Some of them even corresponded with Enlightenment thinkers. One example of an enlightened absolutist ruler was Frederick the Great of Prussia. Frederick was friends with Voltaire, one of the most prominent … Continue reading Enlightened Absolutism
During the Middle Ages, the scientific understanding of cosmology was a combination of the ideas of Aristotle, Ptolemy, and others. They believed in a fixed, motionless earth at the center of a series of cocentric spheres where there were perfectly spherical planets in circular orbits at a constant speed. This theory is known as the … Continue reading The Heliocentric Model of the Solar System, the Role of Religion, and the Enlightenment.