In 1520, Martin Luther wrote a book called On the Freedom of a Christian. Luther continued discussion on the doctrine of justification by faith, which said that faith alone justifies people so they can have eternal life. Luther said that good works, or good actions that we do, can not get us to heaven. Only … Continue reading Martin Luther’s On the Freedom of a Christian & John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion
The Black Death was a deadly outbreak of the plague that arrived in Europe in the mid 14th century. The Black death impacted Medieval society immensely, and the outlook of the people was changed permanently. In the words of Boccaccio in his Decameron that: "...practices contrary to the former habits of the citizens would hardly … Continue reading Are the Decameron and the Canterbury Tales closer in outlook to Greek and Roman literature than they are to Hebrew, Christian, and medieval literature?
The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi had several stories about the afterlife of some friars in the Franciscan order. One of the stories describes a devout friar named John Della Penna. He joined the Franciscan Order as a child, expecting to go to heaven at once. He did not go to heaven as … Continue reading Did The Little Flowers give the common man confidence regarding life beyond the grave?
In the biblical book of Romans, in particular chapter 9, verses 1-23, Paul says that God hardens some people against him and has mercy on others. Paul supports his statements by quoting the Old Testament. One of his quotations of the Old Testament was Romans 9:13 : 13 As it is written, Jacob have I … Continue reading Paul & Justin Martyr on God’s sovereignty over human actions
The apostles and the early Christians did not reconcile their views with the religious leaders of their day. Although the Pharisees were the main opponents of Jesus, the apostles’ main opponents were the Sadducees. Peter and John had done a miracle of healing a lame man, attracting many people to them. Then they preached about … Continue reading Why were the Sadducees and the Apostles unable to reconcile their views?
Jesus and the religious leaders in Israel did not get along. They had many disagreements between each other, but the biggest one was Jesus’ calling out of their hypocrisy and the assertion of his authority. Jesus claimed that He had the authority to forgive sins (Mark 2:5). The Pharisees had many strict rules with which … Continue reading The main issues dividing Jesus and the religious leaders of Israel