Contrary to what most may think, Constitutionalism doesn’t necessarily involve a written document. The key idea of constitutionalism is limiting the power of the king. Constitutionalism is based in the fact that the authority of the government comes from some fundamental law. Constitutionalist thinkers usually said that political sovereignty resided in the people, not the … Continue reading Constitutionalism and Absolutism
Marsilius of Padua was a philosopher who lived in the 13th and 14th centuries AD. He wrote a book called Defensor Pacis, which dealt with political and religious themes. He believed that the state was not subject to ecclesiastical oversight and in the autonomous state. He said that governments should not be subject to any … Continue reading Louis of Bavaria and the teachings of Marsilius of Padua
The Prince is a political work written in 1513 during the Renaissance by the humanist writer Machiavelli. Machiavelli suggested several strategies to his readers on how to be a good prince. He suggested that it is better to be feared than loved, because fear motivates people to do things, while love of a prince can … Continue reading Machiavelli and The Prince
Philip IV the Fair and Pope Boniface VIII had several conflicts in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. These conflicts are important because the result led to the Avignon period of the papacy, which is sometimes called the “Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy”. When Philip IV taxed the clergy without the Pope's permission, Pope … Continue reading The conflict between Philip IV and Boniface VIII & Defensor Pacis
There was little emphasis on early Christian literature in the later times of the Roman empire and the early Medieval period on political leadership. One of the main writers in this time in history was St. Augustine of Hippo. He wrote a book named The City of God, which made a distinction between two different … Continue reading Did early Medieval literature encourage Christians to pursue political leadership?