The High Renaissance ended in 1527 with the Sack of Rome by the mutinous troops of the Holy Roman Emperor. After the Renaissance ended, art entered the era of Mannerism (c. 1520-1600). The Mannerists did not try to top the illustrious artists of the High Renaissance. The Mannerists tended to focus on succeeding in what … Continue reading Art after the High Renaissance
Mercantilism is an economic philosophy that aims to make a country wealthier by promoting exports and suppressing imports to a certain country in the name of “a favorable balance of trade”. Mercantilism was influential from the 16th to the 18th centuries. A common aim of the mercantilists was to keep the gold and silver in … Continue reading Mercantilism & the wars of Louis XIV
Marsilius of Padua was a philosopher who lived in the 13th and 14th centuries AD. He wrote a book called Defensor Pacis, which dealt with political and religious themes. He believed that the state was not subject to ecclesiastical oversight and in the autonomous state. He said that governments should not be subject to any … Continue reading Louis of Bavaria and the teachings of Marsilius of Padua
In Boccaccio’s Decameron, he offered an account of the Black Death in 1348 and described how it affected Florence. Boccaccio said that the origin of the plague was in the east, and that it arrived in Florence even though numerous precautions had been taken by the people. The people of Florence tried to prevent the … Continue reading Boccaccio’s Decameron: His Account of the Black Death Compared to His Stories
During the time of the Renaissance and the Middle Ages, Italy was not one whole country as it is today. Italy was divided into many smaller states, such as Venice, Florence, Naples, Milan, and the Papal States. Milan was Italy’s greatest land power during the time of the Renaissance. It was a wealthy city and … Continue reading The Italian War of 1494-1498
After the great Schism, Martin V became the new pope. He cracked down on crime in Rome, and now that the papacy had returned to Rome after the Schism, merchants and pilgrims came back to Rome. During his pontificate and those of later Renaissance popes, local strongmen owned a lot of land that previously belonged … Continue reading The papacy during the Renaissance & Erasmus.
Many of the Holy Roman emperors had serious conflicts with the Popes in Rome. In the investiture controversy, which I wrote about before, Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV quarreled over the authority of the church. But, the conflict did not stop there. The Holy Roman emperors brought forth opposition to the Popes once again … Continue reading The conflict between the Popes and the Holy Roman emperors in the Middle ages