The Catholic Church on the Eve of the Protestant reformation & Martin Luther’s 95 Theses

The condition of the Catholic church on the eve of the Protestant reformation was mixed. Piety and lukewarmness existed alongside each other. People were more attracted to the more dramatic aspects of religion, such as the arrival of popular preachers, high masses on important feast days, feast days of patron saints, and pilgrimages to the … Continue reading The Catholic Church on the Eve of the Protestant reformation & Martin Luther’s 95 Theses

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Are the Decameron and the Canterbury Tales closer in outlook to Greek and Roman literature than they are to Hebrew, Christian, and medieval literature?

The Black Death was a deadly outbreak of the plague that arrived in Europe in the mid 14th century. The Black death impacted Medieval society immensely, and the outlook of the people was changed permanently. In the words of Boccaccio in his Decameron that: "...practices contrary to the former habits of the citizens would hardly … Continue reading Are the Decameron and the Canterbury Tales closer in outlook to Greek and Roman literature than they are to Hebrew, Christian, and medieval literature?

Late Medieval literature and Christian guidance for the common man

In the epic poem The Song of Roland and the book The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi, we see very little instruction to the common man. Both of them speak of groups of people who were considered especially holy by many people, and speak of their deeds. These people were put on a … Continue reading Late Medieval literature and Christian guidance for the common man

Did The Little Flowers give the common man confidence regarding life beyond the grave?

The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi had several stories about the afterlife of some friars in the Franciscan order. One of the stories describes a devout friar named John Della Penna. He joined the Franciscan Order as a child, expecting to go to heaven at once. He did not go to heaven as … Continue reading Did The Little Flowers give the common man confidence regarding life beyond the grave?

The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi on how to gain eternal life

The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi is a piece of literature written in the early 14th century about certain acts and miracles said to be done by St. Francis of Assisi. Francis founded the Order of Friars minor in 1216, also known as the Franciscans. The Franciscans were devoted to poverty, preaching, and … Continue reading The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi on how to gain eternal life

The conflict between Philip IV and Boniface VIII & Defensor Pacis

Philip IV the Fair and Pope Boniface VIII had several conflicts in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. These conflicts are important because the result led to the Avignon period of the papacy, which is sometimes called the “Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy”. When Philip IV taxed the clergy without the Pope's permission, Pope … Continue reading The conflict between Philip IV and Boniface VIII & Defensor Pacis

The Albigensians’ beliefs, the 13th century mendicant orders, and the Magna Carta

The Albigensians were a medieval group of people who had many beliefs similar to those of the previous Manicheans. They believed that there were two gods or spirits in the universe, one who was good and one who was evil. They believed that the good god created the spiritual world and the evil god created … Continue reading The Albigensians’ beliefs, the 13th century mendicant orders, and the Magna Carta