The German Reformation began in 1517 when Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on the door of the castle church in Wittenberg. Luther challenged many of the teachings of the Catholic church, such as indulgences, papal authority, and devotion to the saints. His teachings began the Protestant Reformation, which divided Western Europe religiously as had … Continue reading The English, German, and Catholic Reformations
In 1520, Martin Luther wrote a book called On the Freedom of a Christian. Luther continued discussion on the doctrine of justification by faith, which said that faith alone justifies people so they can have eternal life. Luther said that good works, or good actions that we do, can not get us to heaven. Only … Continue reading Martin Luther’s On the Freedom of a Christian & John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion
The condition of the Catholic church on the eve of the Protestant reformation was mixed. Piety and lukewarmness existed alongside each other. People were more attracted to the more dramatic aspects of religion, such as the arrival of popular preachers, high masses on important feast days, feast days of patron saints, and pilgrimages to the … Continue reading The Catholic Church on the Eve of the Protestant reformation & Martin Luther’s 95 Theses
In the epic poem The Song of Roland and the book The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi, we see very little instruction to the common man. Both of them speak of groups of people who were considered especially holy by many people, and speak of their deeds. These people were put on a … Continue reading Late Medieval literature and Christian guidance for the common man
The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi had several stories about the afterlife of some friars in the Franciscan order. One of the stories describes a devout friar named John Della Penna. He joined the Franciscan Order as a child, expecting to go to heaven at once. He did not go to heaven as … Continue reading Did The Little Flowers give the common man confidence regarding life beyond the grave?
The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi is a piece of literature written in the early 14th century about certain acts and miracles said to be done by St. Francis of Assisi. Francis founded the Order of Friars minor in 1216, also known as the Franciscans. The Franciscans were devoted to poverty, preaching, and … Continue reading The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi on how to gain eternal life