The Song of Roland: An Evaluation

There is something special about reading old literature. It is almost as if we were given a window into the past, a glimpse of a world that existed long ago. Those who lived in that era have passed on, but what they believed impacted the generations to come. One of the main ways that civilizations … Continue reading The Song of Roland: An Evaluation

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Louis of Bavaria and the teachings of Marsilius of Padua

Marsilius of Padua was a philosopher who lived in the 13th and 14th centuries AD. He wrote a book called Defensor Pacis, which dealt with political and religious themes. He believed that the state was not subject to ecclesiastical oversight and in the autonomous state. He said that governments should not be subject to any … Continue reading Louis of Bavaria and the teachings of Marsilius of Padua

Common misconceptions about the Crusades & Pope Urban II’s recruiting speech

The crusades were important events in history, but many people have misconceptions about them. One of them was that the crusades were unprovoked oppression of peaceful Muslims. The fact is, the Muslims had taken the offensive, even conquering over 2/3 of the Christian world. Among the territories they took were Asia Minor, the Middle east, … Continue reading Common misconceptions about the Crusades & Pope Urban II’s recruiting speech