During the Middle Ages, the scientific understanding of cosmology was a combination of the ideas of Aristotle, Ptolemy, and others. They believed in a fixed, motionless earth at the center of a series of cocentric spheres where there were perfectly spherical planets in circular orbits at a constant speed. This theory is known as the … Continue reading The Heliocentric Model of the Solar System, the Role of Religion, and the Enlightenment.
In Sir Thomas More’s book Utopia, we encounter a world traveler named Raphael Hythloday. Raphael tells a few listeners about the island of Utopia, a place where everything seems perfect. Raphael says he returned to Europe to tell people about this amazing place. Raphael doesn’t care for riches or power and is therefore presented as … Continue reading Why does More present the Traveler as a Sensible Reformer early in Book I of Utopia, but not later?
Thomas Aquinas was a Dominican friar who lived from 1225-1274. He wrote many important works, including the Summa Theologica, The Summa Contra Gentiles, and Commentaries on the works of Aristotle. He had many important ideas, in particular the Quinque viae, or “The Five ways”. These were five proofs he made for the existence of God. … Continue reading Thomas Aquinas’ arguments for the existence of God and His attributes
The renaissance of the 12th century was an important time in which there was a rekindling of interest in classical writings, in particular classical philosophical and scientific works. In the beginning of the 12th century renaissance, there was some interest in Latin literature, but their study lessened when the philosophical works of Aristotle surfaced. Because … Continue reading The Renaissance of the 12th century, Medieval Universities, & St. Thomas Aquinas