The myth of the Flat Earth & The Central Point of “Questions of Conquest”

Many today believe that people in the Middle Ages believed in a flat earth. They say that Christopher Columbus was considered by many people to be crazy because he might fall off the edge of the earth, where there may have been dragons or other fearsome creatures. In reality, people did not believe in a … Continue reading The myth of the Flat Earth & The Central Point of “Questions of Conquest”


Louis of Bavaria and the teachings of Marsilius of Padua

Marsilius of Padua was a philosopher who lived in the 13th and 14th centuries AD. He wrote a book called Defensor Pacis, which dealt with political and religious themes. He believed that the state was not subject to ecclesiastical oversight and in the autonomous state. He said that governments should not be subject to any … Continue reading Louis of Bavaria and the teachings of Marsilius of Padua

The Italian War of 1494-1498

During the time of the Renaissance and the Middle Ages, Italy was not one whole country as it is today. Italy was divided into many smaller states, such as Venice, Florence, Naples, Milan, and the Papal States. Milan was Italy’s greatest land power during the time of the Renaissance. It was a wealthy city and … Continue reading The Italian War of 1494-1498


The papacy during the Renaissance & Erasmus.

After the great Schism, Martin V became the new pope. He cracked down on crime in Rome, and now that the papacy had returned to Rome after the Schism, merchants and pilgrims came back to Rome. During his pontificate and those of later Renaissance popes, local strongmen owned a lot of land that previously belonged … Continue reading The papacy during the Renaissance & Erasmus.


Machiavelli and The Prince

The Prince is a political work written in 1513 during the Renaissance by the humanist writer Machiavelli. Machiavelli suggested several strategies to his readers on how to be a good prince. He suggested that it is better to be feared than loved, because fear motivates people to do things, while love of a prince can … Continue reading Machiavelli and The Prince


Petrarch & The Renaissance

The Renaissance was a period in which there was a revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman works of literature. It was caused, in part, by the flow of Byzantine scholars fleeing to the west from the east from the invading Turks. These scholars brought many ancient works of literature to the west. One of … Continue reading Petrarch & The Renaissance


John Wycliffe & The Great Western Schism

John Wycliffe was an English priest and a professor at Oxford University in the 14th century. He lived from 1320-1384. Wycliffe taught many things contrary to the beliefs of the church in his day, including the denial of the authority of the pope, predestination, the denial of the necessity of confessing to a priest, among … Continue reading John Wycliffe & The Great Western Schism