Rome was a very important civilization in Western Civilization. Then main language of Rome, Latin, is a foundation for many of the Romance languages. Some of these languages are French, Italian, and Spanish. Rome also gave us many important literary documents, which continue to impact us today. Some of the great Roman writers who are still read today are Livy, Ovid, Horace, Virgil, and Cicero. Much of the art and architecture of the modern world today is based on or influenced by that of the Romans. The Romans also preserved Greek culture, which also gave us many of the ideas we have today. The concept of natural law is an idea that we have from the Romans as well. Roman roads, bridges, aqueducts, and dams are some of the finest structures that we know of from the ancient world.
St. Augustine of Hippo was an important figure in Christian history. He wrote an enormous amount of material, much of which we have today. He impacted St. Thomas Aquinas, another great thinker, as well as other people in western history. He was not always a Christian, but had embraced many other religions and schools of thought throughout his younger days. Augustine had belonged to the religion of Manicheanism, been a skeptic, as well as a Neo-Platonist. Augustine converted to Christianity in his early thirties and was baptized by St. Ambrose of Milan.
Augustine expressed many important ideas in his writings. He gave an explanation of the existence of evil: That evil does not actually exist, but that the absence of good is evil. He also argued on the topics of many philosophical and theological controversies. He elaborated on the ideas of the Greek philosopher Plato and gave some answers to some questions regarding his work with Christian explanations. He also came up with a moral theory and a theory of history within a Christian framework.