The Renaissance of the 12th century, Medieval Universities, & St. Thomas Aquinas

The renaissance of the 12th century was an important time in which there was a rekindling of interest in classical writings, in particular classical philosophical and scientific works. In the beginning of the 12th century renaissance, there was some interest in Latin literature, but their study lessened when the philosophical works of Aristotle surfaced. Because … Continue reading The Renaissance of the 12th century, Medieval Universities, & St. Thomas Aquinas

The Albigensians’ beliefs, the 13th century mendicant orders, and the Magna Carta

The Albigensians were a medieval group of people who had many beliefs similar to those of the previous Manicheans. They believed that there were two gods or spirits in the universe, one who was good and one who was evil. They believed that the good god created the spiritual world and the evil god created … Continue reading The Albigensians’ beliefs, the 13th century mendicant orders, and the Magna Carta

The importance of the doctrine of hell to the martyrs

When the Roman empire told everyone in the empire to worship the emperor or their other gods, the early Christians refused to do so. Because of this, the Roman officials would execute many Christians who resisted these decrees. Those who chose died for their faith and did not give in to the desires of their … Continue reading The importance of the doctrine of hell to the martyrs

Common misconceptions about the Crusades & Pope Urban II’s recruiting speech

The crusades were important events in history, but many people have misconceptions about them. One of them was that the crusades were unprovoked oppression of peaceful Muslims. The fact is, the Muslims had taken the offensive, even conquering over 2/3 of the Christian world. Among the territories they took were Asia Minor, the Middle east, … Continue reading Common misconceptions about the Crusades & Pope Urban II’s recruiting speech

Paul & Justin Martyr on God’s sovereignty over human actions

In the biblical book of Romans, in particular chapter 9, verses 1-23, Paul says that God hardens some people against him and has mercy on others. Paul supports his statements by quoting the Old Testament. One of his quotations of the Old Testament was Romans 9:13 : 13 As it is written, Jacob have I … Continue reading Paul & Justin Martyr on God’s sovereignty over human actions

The Great Schism, Philip II Augustus, & Medieval Sacraments

When the Roman emperor Constantine established Constantinople as the new capital of the Roman empire, Constantinople grew greater and greater, until it passed Rome in greatness. Constantinople was considered “The New Rome” by many people. The church in Constantinople, due to these changes, wanted to be viewed as superior, or at least equal or near … Continue reading The Great Schism, Philip II Augustus, & Medieval Sacraments

The ethical teachings of Jesus vs. the ethical behavior of Zeus

Jesus taught people about the kingdom of God, healed people, and cared for people. Jesus preached in the Jewish synagogues and called the people to repent from their sins. He called them to a higher ethical standard. Jesus, the Bible says, was sinless. Jesus called sinners to repentance from their sins. He called them to … Continue reading The ethical teachings of Jesus vs. the ethical behavior of Zeus

The Gregorian Reform and Christendom

In the 10th and 11th centuries, the church had been experiencing a practice called lay investiture. Lay investiture was the practice of churchmen being appointed by laymen (people not in the church). Many kings and nobles appointed priests, bishops, and in some cases, even popes to office. Many bishops became vassals of the lord who … Continue reading The Gregorian Reform and Christendom

The relation between adoption and inheritance in Paul’s epistles

In his epistles, Paul talked a lot about how we are adopted into Christ’s family and that we will receive an inheritance because of it. In Paul’s epistle to the Galatians, he instructed them to stop listening to those who told Christians that they had to be subject to the law of Moses. He told … Continue reading The relation between adoption and inheritance in Paul’s epistles