European monks made many contributions to European society. When the Roman empire fell, things fell into a state of disorder. The monks, however, preserved much of the agricultural knowledge that was in danger of being lost due to the turmoil of that period. Monks taught people how to care for livestock, bee-keeping, and many other … Continue reading Monastic contributions to European society & The early Christians views on the ancient classical thinkers
In the Roman empire, Christians were persecuted under various emperors for their beliefs and for misunderstandings of their beliefs. One of the reasons that the Roman emperors persecuted Christians was syncretism: which is basically having a big mix of different gods that you believe in, both your original gods and the roman gods and whatever … Continue reading Christian life in the Roman empire from Pliny’s letter to Trajan until the reign of the emperor Constantine
Christianity is based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish Rabbi from Israel. So how does Christianity different from the religions of Greece and other ancient cultures? Greece had a polytheistic religion, as did Rome and most of the ancient world with a few exceptions. They worshipped Zeus, Artemis, Apollo, Hermes, and many … Continue reading Comparison between the teachings of Christianity and Greece and other ancient civilizations
The period of the Julio-Claudian and Flavian emperors of Rome had an erratic pattern regarding how humane, competent, wicked and foolish they were. After one competent emperor, there would sometimes be another emperor who was very incompetent.. The emperors from the Julio-Claudian dynasty were Julius, Augustus, and Tiberius Caesar, Gaius (who was known as Caligula), … Continue reading The differences between the Julio-Claudian and Flavian emperors of Rome and the “five good emperors”
When Augustus Caesar came to power, he had a problem. If he retired and left power, Rome would return to it’s previous state of civil war. On the other hand, if he exercised absolute power, he would arouse hatred from the senate and their adherents. What he wanted most of all was a unified … Continue reading Augustus Caesar, the Augustan Settlement, and his autobiography
The 2nd Punic war between Rome and its rival Carthage caused severe economic and social problems. The countryside was devastated by the war, and many of the farms were in terrible condition. Many people sold their land to the benefactors of the war and moved to the city in search of employment. But, many … Continue reading Tiberius Gracchus and the Roman Senate
The 19th century writer and politician Benjamin Constant gave a speech on the liberty of the ancients and the liberty of the moderns. He said that the ancients’ view of liberty was different than the modern view of liberty in several significant ways. The ancients thought of liberty as a more collective thing, rather than … Continue reading Liberty of Ancients and Moderns & Plutarch on what makes a great man.
This bronze sculpture of a horse from Greece dates from the 8th century BC. It exhibits many properties of this particular period of art in Greek history, which is known as the Geometric period. This period of Greek art is known for the great influence of Geometric figures in the works from this period. This … Continue reading A discussion on a piece from the Geometric Period and the differences and resemblances between Greek and Hebrew religions.
The Greek Historian Herodotus recorded an account of the Persian emperor Xerxes and how he came to invade Greece in the Persian wars. Herodotus tried to understand other cultures and their ways and not just the ways of the Greeks. He even tried to understand the Persians, who were enemies of the Greeks at the … Continue reading Herodotus’ account of the advice given to Xerxes & Pericles on Athens in his funeral oration speech.
Aristotle wrote at least two different treatises on ethics, but most scholars believe his main work is his Nichomachean Ethics; named for his son Nicomachus. In his Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle discusses the best kind of life a human should lead. He came to the conclusion that what humans should strive for is Happiness (Greek eudaimonia). … Continue reading Aristotle’s Ethics